Results for

First Quarter Storm (FQS)

Students and drivers in First Quarter Storm protest, Manila (1970)

AP Archive

2015

Students and drivers in First Quarter Storm protest, Manila (1970)

AP Archive

Students and jeepney drivers join together in a citywide strike organized by Movement for a Democratic Philippines (MDP). In this clip, demonstrators are heard chanting “sumama na kayo (come join us)!”; later, a black cardboard coffin labeled “demokrasya” (democracy) is thrown to the ground. Upon reaching the US embassy, the marchers were barred by the police from entering the establishment.

The “People’s March,” which began in Welcome Rotonda, Quezon City, and went on to Plaza Lawton, Manila, is part of a wave of student-led demonstrations from January to March 1970, now known as the First Quarter Storm. “Fascism has always been in our country ever since the puppets of American imperialism started this republican farce that we now call Philippine democratic government,” said MDP spokesperson Nelson Navarro in an interview. “Marcos has aggravated it by the use of special forces. Marcos is trying to create an armed forces of his own within the armed forces itself.”

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AP Archive,“SYND 5 3 70 Students and Taxi Drivers Demonstrate in Manila,” YouTube video, 1:18, July 24, 2015

Ascending the Fourth Mountain: A Personal Account of the Marcos Years

Maria Virginia Y. Morales

2021

Ascending the Fourth Mountain: A Personal Account of the Marcos Years

Maria Virginia Y. Morales

A deeply moving and personal book by Virginia Morales who dedicated her life to the struggle against the Marcos dictatorship and to political and social change in the Philippines. Morales’s memoir chronicles her childhood and genealogy through her early life in Mindanao, to her move to Manila for college and the ups and downs of her political marriage. This book deftly links the personal and the political as the author herself writes, “I have learned that unless we see our lives against the backdrop of history, our own remains puny, dull, and insignificant. It is only against the backdrop of history that we understand the context of our lives and the period in which we lived.”

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Morales, Maria Virginia Y., Ascending the Fourth Mountain: A Personal Account of the Marcos Years, Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2021.