Reports by International Organizations

Reports by International Organizations

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Primary Sources

The Philippines: Human Rights After Martial Law

A.A. Ellis, Virginia Leary, and Kurt Madlener

1984

The Philippines: Human Rights After Martial Law

A.A. Ellis, Virginia Leary, and Kurt Madlener

The 1984 report from the International Commission of Jurists concludes that despite the “official” lifting of Martial Law in the Philippines in 1981, the human rights situation remained grim, with the widespread use of torture, extrajudicial killings, and detention. The legal and the judicial systems remained under the control of the Marcos administration, severely affecting the dispensation of justice for victims of human rights violations.

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Ellis, A.A., Leary, Virginia, and Kurt Madlener. The Philippines: Human Rights After Martial Law. The International Commission of Jurists, 1984.

The Decline of Democracy in the Philippines

G.E. Bisson, William Butler, and John Humphrey

1977

The Decline of Democracy in the Philippines

G.E. Bisson, William Butler, and John Humphrey

This 1977 report by the International Commission of Jurists contains the findings done by the three missions done from May 1975 to February 1977. The commission concludes that the proclamation and implementation of Martial Law were not justifiable and had largely served to protect the interest of President Ferdinand Marcos. They assessed that the continued extension and justification of this measure led to the decline of Philippine democracy.

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Bisson, G.E., Butler, William, and John Humphrey. The Decline of Democracy in the Philippines. The International Commission of Jurists, 1977.

Report of an Amnesty International Mission to The Republic of the Philippines, 1975-1976.

Amnesty International

1976

Report of an Amnesty International Mission to The Republic of the Philippines, 1975-1976.

Amnesty International

After a fact-finding international mission in 1975, Amnesty International produced this report and shared it with the Philippine Government. The report detailed deeply troubling facts about the incidence of torture and systematic violations of human rights of political prisoners. The report urged the government to implement urgently the recommendations contained in the report.

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Report of an Amnesty International Mission to The Republic of the Philippines, 22 November – 5 December 1975. London, 1976.

Philippines Unlawful Killings by Military and Paramilitary Forces

Amnesty International

1988

Philippines Unlawful Killings by Military and Paramilitary Forces

Amnesty International

This report by Amnesty International shows the alarming rate of extrajudicial executions that continued to hound the country a few years after the ouster of Ferdinand Marcos. The report contains details on human rights violations committed by both government agents and affiliated paramilitary groups, and the insurgent groups primarily the New People’s Army.

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Amnesty International. Philippines Unlawful Killings by Military and Paramilitary Forces. London: Amnesty International Publications, 1988.

Report of an Amnesty International Mission to The Republic of the Philippines, 1981-1982.

Amnesty International

1982

Report of an Amnesty International Mission to The Republic of the Philippines, 1981-1982.

Amnesty International

The following report is based on the findings of an Amnesty International delegation which visited the Philippines from 11 November to 28 November 1981, a follow-up mission from the 1975 fact-finding mission. The report concludes: “(T)he Philippines Government has constantly affirmed its commitment to the rule of law and has introduced extensive measures intended to uphold principles for the protection of the rights of people in the custody of its agents. In practice, the mission found there is overwhelming evidence that the principles enunciated by the government on the treatment of people suspected of crimes of a political nature are systematically disregarded.”

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Report of an Amnesty International Mission to The Republic of the Philippines, 11 – 28 November – 5 December 1981. London, 1982.