Primary Resources

Primary Resources

Primary sources are considered raw data as they provide raw information and first-hand accounts of historical events, usually written or produced by people from the time period who had direct experience or connection to these events. These sources become building blocks for a much more analytical interpretation of historical events, and in particular, those surrounding the periods before, during and after the declaration of Martial Law in the Philippines.

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Primary Sources
Primary Sources

Political Detainees of the Philippines Book 3

Task Force Detainees Philippines

1978

Political Detainees of the Philippines Book 3

Task Force Detainees Philippines

The 3rd annual edition of major updates including the experiences of political detainees during the Martial Law period. Compiled by the Task Force Detainees Philippines and likely recirculated in the United States by the Anti-Martial Law Coalition. [Scanned at UW-Madison Libraries]

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TFDP (Association of Major Religious Superiors in the Philippines, “Political Detainees of the Philippines Book 3,” Manila, 1978.

What Lawyers Should Know in Order to Defend Political Prisoners

Free Legal Assistance Group (FLAG)

1979

What Lawyers Should Know in Order to Defend Political Prisoners

Free Legal Assistance Group (FLAG)

A 1979 document from FLAG (Free Legal Assistance Group) that outlined various legal cases and laws that could be used by lawyers to help defend the rights of those that were arrested by the Marcos regime.

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Free Legal Assistance Group. “What Lawyers Should Know in Order to Defend Political Prisoners,” 1979.

When Fear Generates Courage: Report of the International Fact-Finding Mission to Basey, Western Samar

Visayas Ecumenical Movement for Justice and Peace

1984

When Fear Generates Courage: Report of the International Fact-Finding Mission to Basey, Western Samar

Visayas Ecumenical Movement for Justice and Peace

The report focuses on the Municipality of Basey in Samar Island, documenting the atrocities of the 20th Infantry Battalion. It features various case documentations of human rights abuses being carried out by military men, and the accounting of individual witnesses and testimonies thereto. The document concludes with an analysis of the negative effects of Samar Island’s Militarization and a correlation between the intensified violence and growing capitalist interests in the exploitation of the land’s resources.

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Visayas Ecumenical Movement for Justice and Peace. ” When Fear Generates Courage.” Report of the International Fact-Finding Mission to Basey, Western Samar. September 12-14, 1984.

Report of a Fact-Finding Mission to the Philippines: 28 November – 17 December 1983

American Association for the Advancement of Science, American College of Physicians, American Committee for Human Rights, American Nurses Association, American Public Health Association, Institute of Medicine.

1983

Report of a Fact-Finding Mission to the Philippines: 28 November – 17 December 1983

American Association for the Advancement of Science, American College of Physicians, American Committee for Human Rights, American Nurses Association, American Public Health Association, Institute of Medicine.

A three-member delegation representing five U.S. medical and scientific associations visited the Philippines near the end of 1983 to observe health and human rights conditions in the country. Over their stay, after conferring with various political detainees, journalists, human rights activists, members of the clergy, and health workers, they published a report indicating that a continuing pattern of gross human rights violations was still in place despite the supposed lifting of Martial Law in 1981. Specific cases are also highlighted in their report, including the murders of Bobby de la Paz and Dr. Juan Escandor. A copy of this report was archived by the Medical Action Group, and later Digitized with the help of the Rizal Library.

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American Association for the Advancement of Science, et. al. “Report of a Fact-Finding Mission to the Philippines.” 28 November – 17 December, 1983.

Fact-Finding Mission Report to Cagayan Valley and Kalinga-Apayao, November 4-9 1985

Ecumenical Movement for Justice and Peace (EMJP)

1985

Fact-Finding Mission Report to Cagayan Valley and Kalinga-Apayao, November 4-9 1985

Ecumenical Movement for Justice and Peace (EMJP)

Military Operations in the Mountainous Northern areas of Kalinga-Apayao and Cagayan intensified since 1982, with the Marag valley inhabited by the Isneg tribe declared a “No-man’s land” operation zone on March 1985. Several Human Rights Groups from Manila, Cagayan and Baguio would conduct a fact-finding mission to verify the aerial attacks and alleged military atrocities being reported by the Isneg People. Their report includes a situationer of the region and its people, a recording of bombing and strafing incidents across 8 months, and a list of “salvaging” incidents that took place over the same period. A copy of this report was archived by the Medical Action Group, and later Digitized with the help of the Rizal Library.

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Ecumenical Movement for Justice and Peace (EMJP), “Fact-Finding Mission Report: Cagayan Valley and Kalinga-Apayao.” November 4-9, 1985.

Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearances, 1985

FIND (Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearances)

1985

Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearances, 1985

FIND (Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearances)

Newsletter announcing the creation of the organization FIND (Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearances) in 1985. This organization is dedicated to the promotion and protection of the human rights of the victims of disappearances and their families.

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Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearances, 1985.

Task Force Detainees of the Philippines: A Pioneer in Human Rights, 25 Years of Struggle for People’s Dignity, 1974-1999

Aurora A. Parong

1999

Task Force Detainees of the Philippines: A Pioneer in Human Rights, 25 Years of Struggle for People’s Dignity, 1974-1999

Aurora A. Parong

A record of the origins, accomplishments and challenges of the Task Force Detainees Philippines over 25 years.

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Parong, Aurora A., “Task Force Detainees of the Philippines: A Pioneer in Human Rights, 25 Years of Struggle for People’s Dignity, 1974-1999,” 1999.

Lusong, September 1984

Task Force Detainees Philippines

1984

Lusong, September 1984

Task Force Detainees Philippines

A trimestral publication of the Task Force Detainees, Luzon Chapter. This issue primarily focus on militarization, and military abuse and violence. It also includes a report from a fact-finding mission and profiles of victims of Martial Law.

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Task Force Detainees of the Philippines, Lusong, September 15. 1984.