Art, Literature, Films and Photography

Art, Literature, Films and Photography

For this section, we are exhibiting an enormous variety and range of documentary and audio-visual sources, which are artistic and interpretative. For literature, we are including novels and other artistic expressions such as poetry, plays and short stories, which interpret the Martial Law period and its significance. Films, documentaries and music are included here because of their quality of eliciting sensory perceptions from its targeted audience. While novels, recordings, photographs and documentaries could be considered as primary sources, we are including them in this section because of their artistic and creative qualities.

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Art, Literature, Films and Photography
Art, Literature, Films and Photography

President Marcos Press Conference on the State of Martial Law (1972)

AP Archive

1972

President Marcos Press Conference on the State of Martial Law (1972)

AP Archive

On 28 September 1972, less than a week after declaring Martial Law, President Ferdinand Marcos held a press conference on the state of the country. In this appearance, he reassures Filipinos that things are much better since his declaration and congratulates himself for “the sudden cessation of anarchy and criminality throughout the land.” He also proclaimed that he was implementing land reform throughout the Philippines and pledged that his administration would respect human rights.

This became a standard message during the Marcos regime under Martial Law, although most of the content were false and empty promises.

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“President Marcos Press Conference on the State of Martial Law,” Associated Press Archives, September 28, 1972.

Palimbang: Mga Kwento sa Malisbong (2015)

Commission on Human Rights

2016

Palimbang: Mga Kwento sa Malisbong (2015)

Commission on Human Rights

This 24-minute documentary features oral history accounts of the survivors of the Palimbang Massacre that happened in the town of Palimbang, Sultan Kudarat on September 24, 1974.

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Commission on Human Rights, “Mga Kuwento sa Malisbong,” Youtube video, 24:45, May 6, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_FwiPx4VxW4

31st reenactment of the Escalante Massacre (2016)

Cultural Center of the Philippines

2016

31st reenactment of the Escalante Massacre (2016)

Cultural Center of the Philippines

This is a short clip of the 2016 annual re-enactment of the Escalante Massacre that happened on September 20, 1985 in Escalante, Negros Occidental. This commemoration is done by Escalante’s theater and grassroots organizations.

go to source ->

Cultural Center of the Philippines, “31st Anniversary Re-Enactment of Escalante Massacre,” YouTube video, 6:01, October 17, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4jRRg3SPIw4

Marcos in Ilocos (1988)

Probe Archives

2022

Marcos in Ilocos (1988)

Probe Archives

This 1988 Probe episode showed a glimpse of the popular opinion in Ilocos Norte two years since the ouster and exile of Marcos. This short video provided explanations about the unwavering loyalty of the Ilocanos to Marcos.

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Probe Archives, “Marcos in Ilocos,” Vimeo, 14:25, May 6, 2022.

President Ferdinand Marcos Proclaims Martial Law (1972)

AP Archive

1972

President Ferdinand Marcos Proclaims Martial Law (1972)

AP Archive

In this historic broadcast, President Marcos explains that the “proclamation of Martial Law” is “not a military takeover” but was undertaken “to protect the Republic of the Philippines” and “our democracy.” This short clip then shows scenes of citizens and military alike participate in cleaning and maintaining order in the streets.

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“President Ferdinand Marcos proclaims Martial law,” Associated Press Archives, September 23, 1972.

Sabangan (1983)

Cinema Real

2022

Sabangan (1983)

Cinema Real

This short documentary is an exposé of the displacement of the Remontados, an indigenous group in the Sierra Madre mountain range, amidst their impending displacement from their ancestral land as a result of the aggressive development projects of the Marcos government, specifically the dam construction in their area.

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Cinema Real, “Sabangan (Dam),” Cinemata video, 26:36, May 1, 2022.

Pamana ni Marcos (2004)

Probe Archives

2022

Pamana ni Marcos (2004)

Probe Archives

This Probe documentary explores the persistent loyalty of the people of Ilocos to the Marcoses almost two decades after their ouster. It also shows the continued denial of Imelda Marcos regarding their ill-gotten wealth and other related crimes.

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Probe Archives, “Pamana ni Marcos,” Vimeo, 51:09, May 6, 2022.

Marcos’ Hidden Wealth (1989)

Probe Archives

2022

Marcos’ Hidden Wealth (1989)

Probe Archives

In this 1989 episode, the Probe follows the complex ways the Marcoses concealed their ill-gotten wealth. It also follows the court cases against the Marcoses in the United States and the investigations done by the newly formed Presidential Commission on Good Governance.

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Probe Archives, “Marcoses’ Ill-Gotten Wealth,” Vimeo, 14:47, May 6, 2022

Gold, Gold, and More Gold (1992)

Probe Archives

2022

Gold, Gold, and More Gold (1992)

Probe Archives

This episode of the Probe exposes the obscene and conspicuous wealth of the Marcoses by zooming in to the collections found in the Goldenberg Mansion. This Mansion is just one among many residences that contained opulent collections of paintings, artworks, furniture, among others, accumulated by the Marcos family.

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Probe Archives, “Gold, Gold and More Gold,” Vimeo, 12:56, May 6, 2022

Victory at Last? (1994)

Probe Archives

2022

Victory at Last? (1994)

Probe Archives

Eight years since the ouster of Marcos, the Probe looks into the entanglements of issues on jurisdiction regarding the punitive damages claimed by human rights victims during Martial Law.

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Probe Archives, “Victor at Last?” Vimeo, 15:12, May 6, 2022.

No Time for Crying (1986)

AsiaVisions

2022

No Time for Crying (1986)

AsiaVisions

This short documentary looks at the impoverished and violent condition of the displaced urban poor in Butuan at the tail end of the Marcos regime. The film shows that as urban poor leaders and trade unionists are slain, “salvaged”, imprisoned, and disappeared, local communities continued to organize and resist notwithstanding the risk of arrest.

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Asia Visions Productions, “No Time for Crying,” Cinemata video 29:45, May 5, 2022.

Third Eye: To Sing Our Own Song (1983)

BBC TV

2018

Third Eye: To Sing Our Own Song (1983)

BBC TV

This BBC documentary produced in 1983, narrated by Filipino lawyer and known Marcos opposition figure, Jose Diokno, is a comprehensive and real time account of the Marcos years. The documentary exposes the farcical economic development, corruption and the human rights violation committed by the Marcos regime. The documentary also shows the persistent resistance of the people despite the repressive state.

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BBC, “Third Eye: To Sing Own Song,” Youtube video, 14:17, October 17, 2018